Coffee – good or bad for you?

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There was a great research article published just recently in the BMJ about the benefits and risks of drinking coffee! In this video Andrew discusses the research paper and goes through the pros and the cons. Is it good or bad for you? Watch this brief video and find out! If you want to read the original research article in the BMJ, you can find it by clicking here.

Do calcium and vitamin D supplements actually help?

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I have just read a really interesting article that was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association earlier this week. The author, Zhao, and his colleagues did a meta-analysis of 33 studies that investigated the effect of calcium and vitamin D supplements on fracture risk. Over 55,000 people were included in these studies, so it is a very powerful piece of research.

What did they find? That taking these supplements appeared to have no effect on fracture risk! Whether taken individually, or in combination, calcium and vitamin D supplements appeared to have no effect  on reducing fracture risk.

The study might be criticised for only looking at patients in institutional residential care (ie nursing homes), so the outcome may have been different for a younger, more mobile population. Nevertheless I thought that the outcome was interesting.

Anyone who is taking these supplements under the direction of their doctor should, of course, continue to do so until told otherwise. But maybe the writing is on the wall for this aspect of fracture risk management? Other ideas for reducing fracture risk are discussed in this brief video.

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